Calls for the creation of a provincial police force in Alberta increased in the 21st century, with prosperity thanks to record energy prices in the early 2000s. The growing alienation of the West associated with federal governments supposedly finished in the late 1990s and early 2000s has increased control over policing, taxes and other tasty issues for Albertans. The 2001 Alberta Agenda (often referred to as «Firewall») was an open letter from future Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper and six other prominent Alberta Conservatives to Prime Minister Ralph Klein, calling on the provincial government to maintain control and exercise constitutional powers to give Alberta more autonomy. Proposals in the letter included the termination of the RCMP provincial contract and the creation of a new provincial police force.  While the firewall letter made headlines, it came at a bad time for Premier Klein, just three months before the 2001 Alberta general election. Klein delayed a formal response to the recommendations and refuted some of the proposals in a public response a month later and led the Alberta Progressive Conservative Association to a sovereign victory that garnered 62% of the vote and formed its third majority government. Klein did, however, appoint nine MLAs to the committee on strengthening Alberta`s role in Confederation, which recommended a number of policy points in the letter, but requested a study by the RCMP to assess whether an alternative could be operationally and financially viable.  This study was never completed, and in 2011, Klein`s successor, Ed Stelmach, signed a 20-year provincial police contract with the RCMP.  The Government of Alberta is seeking a contractor who conducts a detailed study of the potential costs, benefits and logistics of the exchange of rcmp services by a provincial police service. Alberta would also increase the cost of recruiting and training officers. Not all the feds would want to stay in Alberta, he said. He also wondered how much the Alberta government would be willing to pay provincial police officers, which would have an impact on both the costs and the ability to recruit a service. Today, the «K» division of the Mounted Royal Canadian Police is responsible for the provincial police in Alberta and the Alberta Branch Sheriff`s Office is responsible for the additional provincial police.
The APA`s missions quickly expanded, with the police seen as a vision of facilitating provincial policy, which went well beyond the scope of basic policing. Expanded tasks included transporting sick and isolated home structures to hospital, managing the estate of institutionalized persons, managing the Maternal Pensions Act, which provided money to widowed or abandoned women to feed their children, inspected swimming pools, cafes, cattle and as a collection service.  Constable Stephen O. Lawson (June 8, 1880-September 21, 1922) was deployed from Coleman Department to Crowsnest Pass, which was a hub for alcohol smuggling to Alberta during the ban. A common strategy for Bootsleggers was to drive two vehicles, a «stupid» car that had no alcohol stopped by the police and a second vehicle driven a few minutes later by distracted officers. In September 1922, Lawson shot a fugitive who did not stop at the checkpoint, injuring Steve Picariello, the son of the prominent Blairmore Bootleggers Emilio Picariello.